Who Was Cyrus In The Bible

In this article we’ll find out who Cyrus was in the Bible. He was known as King of Persia which was an empire in the middle east between 488 BC and 330 BC. He helped spread the faith of Zoroastrianism in Babylon and several other empires.”

Who was Cyrus in the bible? Who is Cyrus? Well, Cyrus was a king who reigned in Persia (now modern Iran) from 550–530 BC. Though popularly referred to as “the Great” Cyrus because of his victories against the Babylonians and victories against the Medes, there were actually two men by this name. There are signs that he was an illegitimate son of Cambyses II (this was not enough to prevent his elevation).

Today we are going to learn about who was Cyrus in the Bible. The book of Isaiah uses the figure of Cyrus several times, and the most famous is Isaiah 45:1 . He is described as “a man well pleasing in God’s sight” whom God will call for good purposes.

Cyrus the Great Cyrus the Great (c. 600 BC – 529 BC) was an ancient king of Persia who conquered Lydia and Babylon. He is most commonly known for his declaration of human rights and for freeing the Jews from captivity by the Babylonians.

Cyrus II, commonly known as Cyrus the Great, also known as Cyrus the Elder (in Old Persian: Kūrosh) of Persia was emperor of Persia, founder of the Achaemenid Empire, and patron saint of lost causes. Or at least he’s considered a saint by Iranians. The destruction of Babylon, and liberation of many Jewish slaves is one of Cyrus’ most celebrated achievements. He’s seen as a hero in both Christian and Islamic worlds, though we’ll never canonize him posthumously unless we convert to Zoroastrianism or firebombed Mecca 666 years ago.

Who Was Cyrus In The Bible

Cyrus the Great, also known as Cyrus II of Persia, was one of the greatest conquerors of the ancient world. He founded the first Persian Empire in 559 BC, and conquered the Median Empire, the Lydian Empire, and the Neo-Babylonian Empire during his 30 year reign.

The ancient Greek historian Herodotus  recorded that Cyrus the Great’s conquests in Central Asia subjegated “every nation without exception” (Histories).

He’s also the only non-Jewish person the Bible refers to as a “messiah.”

Cyrus the Great wasn’t just a brilliant military strategist. He’s remembered as a surprisingly benevolent ruler. Instead of forcing his subjects to assimilate to his culture (like most other ancient rulers), he allowed each conquered nation to retain its own traditions, religions, and rights. The most widely-known example of his benevolence is recorded in the Bible. After conquering Babylon, Cyrus the Great allowed the exiled Jews to return to Jerusalem—along with the sacred relics the Babylonians had stolen—and he encouraged them to rebuild the temple King Nebuchadnezzar had destroyed.

Who Was Cyrus In The Bible

Cyrus is a king mentioned more than 30 times in the Bible and is identified as Cyrus the Great (also Cyrus II or Cyrus the Elder) who reigned over Persia between 539—530 BC. This pagan king is important in Jewish history because it was under his rule that Jews were first allowed to return to Israel after 70 years of captivity.

In one of the most amazing prophecies of the Bible, the Lord revealed Cyrus’s decree to free the Jews to Isaiah. One hundred fifty years before Cyrus lived, the prophet calls him by name and gives details of Cyrus’ benevolence to the Jews: “This is what the Lord says to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I take hold of to subdue nations before him . . . ‘I summon you by name and bestow on you a title of honor, though you do not acknowledge me’” (Isaiah 45:1, 4; see also 41:2-25; 42:6). Evincing His sovereignty over all nations, God says of Cyrus, “He is my shepherd and will accomplish all that I please” (Isaiah 44:28).

Cyrus’s decree releasing the Jewish people, in fulfillment of prophecy, is recorded in 2 Chronicles 36:22–23: “Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom and also put it in writing: ‘Thus says Cyrus king of Persia, “The LORD, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and he has charged me to build him a house at Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Whoever is among you of all his people, may the LORD his God be with him. Let him go up.”’” Other Old Testament books that mention Cyrus include Ezra and Daniel.

King Cyrus actively assisted the Jews in rebuilding the temple in Jerusalem under Zerubbabel and Joshua the high priest. Cyrus restored the temple treasures to Jerusalem and allowed building expenses to be paid from the royal treasury (Ezra 1:4–11; 6:4–5). Cyrus’s beneficence helped to restart the temple worship practices that had languished during the 70 years of the Jews’ captivity. Some commentators point to Cyrus’s decree to rebuild Jerusalem as the official beginning of Judaism.

Among the Jews deported from Judah and later placed under the rule of Cyrus include the prophet Daniel. In fact, we are told Daniel served until at least the third year of King Cyrus, approximately 536 BC (Daniel 10:1). That being the case, Daniel likely had some personal involvement in the decree that was made in support of the Jews. The historian Josephus says that Cyrus was informed of the biblical prophecies written about him (Antiquities of the Jews, XI.1.2). The natural person to have shown Cyrus the scrolls was Daniel, a high-ranking official in Persia (Daniel 6:28).

Besides his dealings with the Jews, Cyrus is known for his advancement of human rights, his brilliant military strategy, and his bridging of Eastern and Western cultures. He was a king of tremendous influence and a person God used to help fulfill an important Old Testament prophecy. God’s use of Cyrus as a “shepherd” for His people illustrates the truth of Proverbs 21:1, “The king’s heart is in the hand of the LORD; he directs it like a watercourse wherever he pleases.”

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