Who Was Agur In The Bible

Agur was the son of Jakeh and was born in the land of Massa to the east of Israel. Little is known about this man except that he was an author and his writings are recorded in several books of scripture. Despite how little information is available about Agur, he wrote more in the book of Proverbs than Solomon himself.

Agur is one of the minor prophets found in the book of Proverbs. He teaches that God has perfect knowledge of everything, that humans should revel in the wisdom and power of God, and warns against trusting in uncertain riches. Agur’s father was a western Semite living on the borders between Syria and Palsetine. His given name is generally interpreted to mean “inexperienced” or “ignorant.”

Agur ben Yair was a man blessed with great wisdom. He became known as an expert in matters of both the spirit and human nature. His counsel — as recorded in Proverbs 30:1-9 — has endured to this day and is often turned to as a source of inspiration, guidance, and empowerment.

Agur was a man in the Bible who lived sometime between 900 BC and 600 BC. He is mentioned in two places in the Bible, namely Proverbs 30:15-33 and Proverbs 30:1-14. While there are no Gospel stories of his life, we do know some things about him based upon his writings. Here is a brief look at this important Biblical figure.

Who Was Agur In The Bible

The name, Agur translates to the word, gathered. His father’s name, Jakeh, means pious, or carefully religious. Would that a son continue with a life full of the meaning behind such a name? There is a possibility Jakeh is from an Ishmaelite tribe, for a note on Proverbs 30:1b states oracle may instead be Jakeh, a man of Massa. We know nothing about the two men outside Proverbs 30:1. We would add, however, the sayings found in Proverbs 30 give us insight into the man because God used Agur to pen a chapter in the Bible. What an honor to be entrusted with inscribing words as part of the Holy Scriptures. As far as the two other names from Proverbs 30:1—Ithiel and Ucal—both are probable disciples of Agur. Ithiel, whose name means God is with me, was a Benjamite from the time of Nehemiah. Ucal’s name means devoured.

What Are Some of Agur’s Insights in Proverbs 30?

As with the other proverbs, every verse is a nugget of gold. The word proverb means to be like, and Proverbs contains comparisons between everyday physical images and life’s greatest truths. Proverbs contains plain, ethical statements that explain and expand upon foundational realities of life. Proverbs 30 is no exception; it serves as an illustration of the ways of man versus the wisdom of God.

Agur reflects deep humility at the outset of his verses, and we know only those who are humble at heart can receive instruction from the Lord. His point of self-reference is God (verse 5), and in comparison, he expresses utter stupidity (v. 2). The following verses reveal Agur knows true wisdom can only come from God. It is God who is in heaven. It is He who controls the atmosphere and the waters of the earth. God established the earth and Agur points his thoughts to Him and to His Son (v. 4). Verse 4 poses questions that can only be answered by God, therefore, revealing more of the depth of Agur’s self-effacing adoration of Him.

Who Was Agur In The Bible

Proverbs 30:1 says the chapter’s words are “the sayings of Agur son of Jakeh.” Agur was writing “to Ithiel and Ucal” (NAS); these men could have been disciples or friends of Agur, although some Bibles translate the meaning of the two names with the assumption that they do not refer to actual people. Most commentators believe Agur lived in the same era as Solomon. We don’t know much about Agur except what we can glean from this one chapter.

The name Agur comes from a Hebrew word meaning “collector.” Agur and Jakeh are only mentioned here in the Bible and are otherwise unknown.

Agur’s proverbs offer insight regarding his thoughts on life. Agur was weary and worn out (verse 1), he did not consider himself wise (verses 2–4), and he considered God’s words completely true (verses 5–6). In Proverbs 30 Agur expresses to God a request that the Lord remove lying from him and give him neither riches nor poverty (verses 7–9).

Agur’s teachings include a warning not to slander servants (verse 10) and an observation that many people see themselves as better than they really are (verses 11–14). Agur then begins a numbered list of sayings that includes three things never satisfied (the barren womb, the land’s need for water, and the end of a fire, verses 15–16). Verse 17 adds that the person who mocks his parents will experience judgment.

Verses 18–19 list four things beyond Agur’s understanding: an eagle in the sky, a serpent on a rock, a ship on the seas, and a man with a woman. In verses 21–23 is a list of four things that cause the earth to tremble: a slave who becomes king, a well-fed fool, an unloved married woman, and a servant who replaces the wife in the household. Verses 24–28 note four small things that are very wise: ants, rock badgers, locusts, and lizards. Verses 29–31 specify four proud things: a lion, a rooster, a goat, and a king with his army. Verses 32–33 advise that, if you have been foolish in exalting yourself, you need to stop; also, prodding someone to anger is unwise.

These simple yet profound observations on life reveal many aspects of this otherwise unknown man named Agur. For example, Agur realized God’s wisdom was greater than his own. He understood the temptation of riches. He knew many aspects of life and of God’s creation would remain a mystery beyond his understanding. And Agur knew the importance of controlling anger, avoiding foolishness, and living for God. He encourages his readers to refrain from a life that dishonors God and results in judgment. Rather, Agur promotes living life with a proper fear of God and concern for other people.

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