Who Was Abner In The Bible

Who was Abner? Abner is a common name and can refer to many people in the Bible as well as other historic figures. This article will give you some great information about who Abner was and where he fits into the history of Bible and the Old Testament.

Abner was the son of Ner and the grandson of Saul. … He defected to David when Saul ordered his death.The identity of Abner’s mother is not stated in I Samuel 14, which is the first mention of him in the Bible. … 1 Samuel 14:50 tells us that Abner slept with his father’s concubine Rizpah. This led to a war between the tribes of Israel when Ish-Bosheth (Saul’s son) requested that David give this woman back to him and he refused.

Abner was the son of Ner, the founder of Ishi and one of the early leaders of Israel. As you’ll see as you read this article, Abner was a complex character in the book of Samuel who could be described as both good and evil.

Abner (Hebrew: אֲבִינָר‎, Hebrew pronunciation: [aˈvil̤]; also transcribed Abner) was a figure, in the Hebrew Bible, described as the commander of Saul’s army (1 Samuel 14:50) and Ishbosheth’s aide de camp (2 Samuel 2:8). His relationship to Saul is described differently in the text. Abner was murdered by Joab, a renegade general from David’s army.

Who Was Abner In The Bible

Abner was a relative of Saul and the general of his army ( 1 Samuel 14: 50-51 ). It was Abner who introduced David to King Saul after he defeated the giant Goliath. From that day on, David became a famous warrior in Abner’s army.

When David ran away from King Saul, who was jealous and wanted to kill him, he gathered his own army and Saul pursued him. One night Saul camped and fell asleep with Abner and his soldiers. David managed to enter the camp and approach Saul but left without killing him.

David rebuked Abner for his lack of attention. Abner and his soldiers should have set up a guard, protecting their king’s life, as every army does ( 1 Samuel 26: 14-16 ). But Abner and the entire army had been overcome with sleep!

Abner and Is-Bosete

Some time later, Saul’s army went into battle with the Philistines. Abner and his soldiers suffered a great defeat and Saul was killed. The tribe of Judah declared David king, but Abner took Isul Boseth, Saul’s son, and proclaimed him king over the rest of Israel ( 2 Samuel 2: 8-10 ). This sparked a war between the two sides.

See also: who were the Philistines?

Abner’s army came together to face David’s army. When they met, Abner spoke to Joab, the commander of David’s army, and suggested a fight between the best soldiers on either side. Joab agreed and 12 soldiers on each side fought against each other. There was no winner because everyone died ( 2 Samuel 2: 14-16 ). Then a very violent battle ensued and Abner’s army was defeated.

Abner and his soldiers left, pursued by David’s soldiers. During the flight, Joab’s brother Asael caught up with Abner and wanted to fight him. Abner killed Asael and managed to escape ( 2 Samuel 2: 22-23 ). Before Joab discovered that his brother was dead, Abner convinced him to stop the persecution and they all went home.

Who Was Abner In The Bible

Abner is a prominent figure in 1 and 2 Samuel. Abner was, in fact, both the cousin of Israel’s first king, Saul, and the commander of Saul’s army (1 Samuel 14:50). He was respected by the king and was granted a place next to Saul at meals (1 Samuel 20:25).

Throughout Saul’s reign, the people of Israel were embroiled in a war with the Philistines (1 Samuel 14:52). In one memorable battle, the Philistines sent forth a giant champion named Goliath, who taunted God’s people and remained unchallenged for 40 days due to his great height and strength. However, a young man named David accepted Goliath’s challenge and, through God’s power, defeated the giant with only a sling and a stone. Abner was at King Saul’s side when Goliath fell, and Saul asked him who David’s father was. Abner did not know, since David was not a part of his army. So Abner brought young David, who was still holding Goliath’s head, before the king (1 Samuel 17:55–58).

Eventually, Saul became bitterly jealous of David. Not only was David well-loved, but he had been anointed by the prophet Samuel as the next king. This jealousy would enflame Saul to war against David and his followers, and, in spite of the ongoing war with the Philistines, Saul pursued David with the intention of killing him. One night, David went to the place where Saul’s army was camped and sneaked down to where Saul and Abner were sleeping. Rather than killing God’s chosen king, David stole a spear and water jug from beside Saul’s head. David then woke the army and taunted Abner for failing to guard the king.

Some time later, Saul and three of his sons were killed in a battle with the Philistines, and David took the throne of Judah. But, instead of swearing fealty to God’s anointed, Abner took Saul’s son Ish-Bosheth across the Jordan River and set him up as king. When Abner returned, he was forced to flee from the commander of David’s army, Joab, after a fierce battle at Gibeon (2 Samuel 2). Abner continued to support Ish-Bosheth as king until Ish-Bosheth berated Abner, accusing him of treachery due to the fact that Abner had slept with Saul’s concubine Rizpah. Incensed that his loyalty was being questioned, Abner defected to David’s side and vowed to bring all of Israel under David’s control (2 Samuel 3:8–12).

When Joab found out that David had made an agreement with Abner, he was angry. Joab felt that David should not have let Abner go. Joab believed that Abner was a spy whose intention was to report David’s movements to Ish-Bosheth (2 Samuel 3:24–25). But Joab had another reason for hating Abner: the former commander of Saul’s army had killed Joab’s brother Asahel in the battle at Gibeon (verse 30). Joab met Abner in Hebron and pulled him aside under the pretext of a private conversation; when in private, Joab stabbed Abner in the stomach, killing him (verse 27).

David was grieved by Abner’s death and called down a curse on Joab’s house for the murder (2 Samuel 3:28–29). David mourned Abner publicly, fasting all day, writing a dirge in Abner’s honor, and lauding him as a great military leader (verses 31–37). Speaking of Abner, David said, “A commander and a great man has fallen in Israel this day” (verse 38).

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