Who Is Uriah In The Bible

Uriah is a man mentioned in the Bible, often the topic of discussion among biblical scholars, and one of the most notable males in the Book of Esther. This article includes an introduction to Uriah and an overview of his role within the book of Esther.

Uriah is the Hittite captain of King David’s royal guard. He was married to Bathsheba and they had a son together. Uriah is mentioned in the bible five times. Also known as Urijah, Uriah, Uriah the Hittite, and Uryas.

In the Bible, Uriah is a Hittite. There are many more names that are not found in the Bible but Uriah is one of them. What is the role of Uriah in the Bible? How does he play a significant role in shaping the course of history of Israel?

Uriah was the husband of Bathsheba, who became the second wife of King David after she was impregnated by him. The story begins when Uriah was fighting together with David and his men against the Ammonites in Trans-jordan. Although David’s army had been victorious over the enemy, Uriah is said to have taken no part in it because he “was an honorable man,” according to 2 Samuel 11:2.

Who Is Uriah In The Bible

URIAH (Heb. אוּרִיָּה), the name of four biblical figures (in one case in the variant form Uriahu). The most important of these is Uriah the Hittite, listed as one of David’s “heroes” in ii Samuel 23:39. While Uriah was away on one of David’s campaigns (ii Sam. 11), the king noticed his young wife *Bath-Sheba bathing on the roof of her house. He had the young woman brought to him and lay with her. When Bath-Sheba informed him that she was pregnant, David had Uriah recalled from the front in an attempt to cover his sin, but the attempt failed because Uriah felt bound by a vow or a general taboo to shun conjugal relations for the duration of the war. David then sent Uriah back to the very thick of the battle in the hope that he would be killed, which is what occurred. David then married Bath-Sheba and incurred the rebuke of the prophet *Nathan for his behavior.

There have been many attempts by scholars to explain the origin and name of Uriah. H. Gunkel dismissed the whole story as a legend having no historical basis. However, the story may have been well based and Uriah could have been one of the original Jebusite inhabitants of Jerusalem. This people, from whom David conquered the city, were probably of Hittite origin. A. Gustavs identified the name as a Hebrew folk etymology of the Hurrian name Ariya. The name would then mean something like king or ruler. B. Maisler (Mazar) suggested that the name could originally have been a compound of the Hurrian element ur plus the name of a pagan god, which then received an Israelite form. S. Yeivin compared the name Uriah with the other Jebusite name mentioned in the Bible, *Araunah (perhaps from the same root), and suggests that Uriah may have been a high official or perhaps the intended successor of that last Jebusite ruler of Jerusalem.

Who Is Uriah In The Bible

While Uriah was known as “the Hittite,” he was obviously loyal to David and the Israelites instead of identifying with his own people who were enemies of Israel. In order to be listed as a “Mighty Man,” a man had to have shown both great skill and loyalty in battle. We can assume that Uriah was strong, brave, and a trusted warrior in combat. His wife Bathsheba was “the daughter of Eliam” (2 Samuel 11:3), another of David’s mighty men (2 Samuel 23:34). Uriah must have been a well-respected man among his fellow warriors to be entrusted with Eliam’s daughter’s hand in marriage.

While Uriah and the Israelite army were out fighting, David stayed behind in Jerusalem where he saw Bathsheba and wanted her for himself. “So David sent messengers and took her, and she came to him, and he lay with her” (2 Samuel 11:4). Upon discovering that she had conceived during this encounter, David devised a plan to bring Uriah home from battle and return him to his wife so that the baby would be believed to be Uriah’s.

When summoned, Uriah obediently left the battlefield and reported to David in Jerusalem where he gave him an account of how the war was progressing. David then sent Uriah home to his wife with a personal gift. But Uriah felt such loyalty to his fellow soldiers that he refused to indulge in the comforts of home while the army was still enduring the hardships of war. The next day, David enticed Uriah to get drunk, seemingly hoping that drunkenness would weaken Uriah’s sense of morals. However, even in his drunkenness Uriah “did not go down to his house” (2 Samuel 11:13). His commitment to doing what he considered to be the right thing was in stark contrast to David’s willingness to engage in sin even without any mitigating circumstances.

When David saw that his plan did not work, he resolved to have Uriah killed in battle so he could then marry Bathsheba and make the pregnancy look legitimate. David wrote instructions for the army commander to place Uriah “in the forefront of the hardest fighting and then draw back from him, that he may be struck down, and die” (2 Samuel 11:15). The fact that David needed the army to be commanded to draw back from Uriah shows once again what an accomplished warrior Uriah must have been, to have to be abandoned in the hardest fighting in order to ensure his death. Ironically, David entrusted Uriah with this letter that commanded his death. Uriah was a trustworthy and honest man, for he carried this letter, unopened, to his commander. Uriah then obediently and valiantly followed his commander’s orders and died in battle (2 Samuel 11:16–17).

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