Sumeria In The Bible

Sumerian and Biblical etymologies are very different, but the words carry striking similarities. Through the lens of semitology and archaeology we can view the differences between the two languages but we will also find enigmas within the Sumerian language itself. The Sumerians were a people, not a language — but the Sumerian language has been a vital part of their culture for thousands of years. It is still used to this day, kept alive by their descendants in Iraq, Iran, Kuwait and some parts of Syria.

In the bible, it is well known that the cities of Sodom and gomorrah were destroyed by God because he found special interest in the people there to be offensive. Now many people guessed that these two cities existed somewhere near the Dead sea or perhaps they even related to modern day Syria. However, they could not have been further from the truth since archeologists have since discovered that these two cities were located in a place known as Sumeria, which is now situated in Iraq. Many historians now believe that the incident written about in the bible was in fact the result of a jealous tribal chieftains living nearby.

From the very earliest historical records that have come down to us, the Sumerians stand out as the first literate people on earth. Their written language was used for a vast array of purposes, including writing love and drinking songs, hymns and dirges, laws and treaties, myths and epic tales and even mathematical equations. The Sumerians pioneered the development of cuneiform literature between 3500 BC and 1700 BC.

Sumerians play an important role in the history of the Bible. The ruins of temples from this ancient culture can still be seen in various parts of the Middle East. Sumerian religion is also relevant to biblical references today; for example, the word “Sumerian” stems from a Babylonian name believed to mean “land of the civilized kings.”

Sumeria In The Bible

Sumerians lived in ancient times in what is now southern Iraq. They came from northern Mesopotamia or Assyria and created several city-states. Hammurabi was the last Sumerian king. His land was invaded and taken from him by the Babylonians in about 1700 BC.

Sumerians are famous for developing cuneiform, one of the first written languages. Cuneiform uses wedge-shaped marks and survives on fired clay tablets or pillars on which it was written with a tool such as a stylus. One of the most famous surviving cuneiform writings is the Epic of Gilgamesh which recounts a heroic king, but also includes a story about a great flood similar to the one in Genesis.

Sumerians built the Ziggurat of Ur in a city of the same name to worship a moon deity, Nanna. The Sumerians are thought to have been powerful warriors, skilled at agriculture, architecture, and literature. Historians consider Sumerians “proto-Euphrateans” who lived near the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Genesis 2:14 mentions both of these rivers as two of the four which flowed from the garden of Eden. The area was and is known as the “Fertile Crescent” and the “cradle of civilization” and is where the wheel, irrigation, and other developments were invented.

Sumeria In The Bible

The Sumerians were an ancient people that occupied Sumer, that is, the southern region of Mesopotamia, which is now southern Iraq. It is unclear when the first settlers of the region arrived, but they were a non-Semitic people that historians believe may have come out of the Samarra culture in northern Mesopotamia or Assyria. The Sumerians established many city-states in southern Mesopotamia, and their culture thrived there until around 1700 BC when Babylonia subdued the Sumerians and took control of the region during the reign of Hammurabi, the last Sumerian king.

The Sumerians are credited with creating one of the first forms of writing, cuneiform, which is made of a series of wedge-shaped marks carved into clay with a stylus. The famous Epic of Gilgamesh was written in cuneiform and took archeologists a long time to decipher. Once it was translated, they found the Epic of Gilgamesh to be a heroic story about a Sumerian king. The manuscript describes the daring adventures of Gilgamesh and Enkidu, a wild man who was first created by the gods to fight against Gilgamesh but who befriends him and fights alongside him. The epic also contains a fascinating account of a great flood with many similarities to the Genesis account.

The Sumerians were also the builders of the city-state of Ur and the Ziggurat of Ur, an impressive structure built in the worship of the Sumerian moon deity, Nanna. Archeology suggests that the Sumerians were powerful warriors, skilled at agriculture, architecture, and literature.

The Sumerians farmed the fertile land by the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers, and historians have even classified the Sumerians as “proto-Euphrateans.” The Tigris and the Euphrates are two of four rivers mentioned in Genesis 2:14 that flowed from the Garden of Eden. Today, these rivers still have a common source, in the mountains of Turkey, from which they flow through Syria and Iraq. That area later became known as the “Fertile Crescent” and the “cradle of civilization” because agriculture flourished there and the peoples of that region developed glass, the wheel, and irrigation techniques.

The Sumerians have a connection with biblical history. In the Bible, Ur is mentioned as the home of Abram, or Abraham, who became the first Hebrew patriarch and later the spiritual father of all those who would have faith in the Lord (Genesis 17:5; Acts 3:25; Romans 4:12, 16). The Bible tells us that Abram was a descendent of Shem (Genesis 11:10–26), so he was a Semite living in Sumer, or southern Mesopotamia, when the Lord spoke to him and told him to leave his family and the land of his fathers and go to a new land (Genesis 12:1). By faith (Hebrews 11:8–9), Abram took his wife, Sarai; his nephew Lot; and all their possessions, and they left their land and traveled to Canaan, which is present-day Lebanon and Israel. Many scholars also see the Bible’s references to “Shinar” in Genesis 10:10 and 11:2 to mean Sumer.

Leave a Reply