Feast Of Dedication In The Bible

When the Israelites left Egypt, their 473,000 men journeyed for about three weeks to Sinai (Numbers 33:5). Once there, God appeared on Mount Sinai and delivered the Ten Commandments and other holy laws to Moses. The people were commanded to observe these laws and feast on the Feast of Unleavened Bread as a remembrance of their deliverance (Exodus 12:14-20).

Feast Of Dedication In The Bible

Jewish holidays have strong biblical roots and symbolism. They are full of tradition for the Jewish people. Christians may be interested in exploring and even partaking in some of the Jewish feasts or the feasts of the Bible themselves.

Beautiful Traditions Associated with the Feasts of the Bible

When you begin to research the feasts of the Bible, you may actually be quite surprised with how special they are. There are some beautiful traditions that bring the reason of the celebration back to God and what He has done for us, every single time.

Once you and your family sit down and begin to look into what the biblical feasts are and how they are celebrated, you are going to want to start planning to celebrate the next one.

Most of the feasts of the Bible can be a fun time of celebration and remembrance. There are always fun activities, decorations and lots of really good food associated with these feasts.

You may want to start by doing some research on what the feasts are, where they came from, and how they are celebrated. Learning about the feasts is also a great way to bring biblical history into your studies at home as well.

How many Biblical Feasts are there?

There are 7 Jewish festivals and feasts that are celebrated in the Bible. Many of these are the feasts that God ordered the Israelites to partake in so they wouldn’t forget what He had done for them.

The 7 biblical feasts you will learn about in this post:

  • Feast of Lots (Purim)
  • Passover (Pesach)
  • Pentacost (Shavuot)
  • Feast of Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah)
  • Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)
  • Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot)
  • Feast of Dedication or Feast of Lights (Hannukah)

The Importance of Jewish Feasts n the Bible

The feasts in the Bible are very important events for Jewish families and a big part of the Jewish tradition. Even the Jewish calendar revolves around the feasts at different times of the year.

Families will spend a lot of time preparing food, baking and cooking from scratch, making and building decorations and even costumes for these celebrations. There is a lot of research that can be done ahead of time to celebrate the feasts. You may want to research the type of food to serve and look for specific scriptures to read.

The father of the home may want to research the order of how a specific feast will go such as a reading at a Passover Seder dinner. There are lots of ways you can include your entire family in learning about these celebrations.

The Meaning of the Feasts of the Bible:

Let’s learn about why each feast is celebrated and what they mean to the Jewish people.

Feast of Lots (Purim)

Scripture References: The Book of Esther

The Feast of Lots, also known as Purim, is the feast that celebrates the story of the book of Esther. This feast is so rich in biblical importance as the story of the Jewish girl Esther, who risked her life to save her people by becoming Queen and delivering them from death.

After the Jew’s deliverance they celebrated with a feast, giving presents containing baskets of food to one another and the poor.

Many Jewish people celebrate on the fourteenth day of the first month on the Hebrew calendar which equates to sometime in February or March.

This is such a fun feast to celebrate especially with children. Many families will read the book of Esther out loud and children will dress up in costumes and whole families will reenact the story together.

Food Served During Purim

Another fun thing about celebrating the Feasts of Lots or Purim is the food. The food served is almost always triangle shaped. The most common food served is kreplach and hamantashen pastries. Kreplach are pasta triangles that are stuffed with ground beef or chicken. Hamantashen are pastry dough triangles with a filling of dates and poppy seeds.

Kreplach is a traditional dish served on the Feast of Lots (Purim)

Passover (Pesach)

Scripture References: Exodus 12, 13:1 – Leviticus 23:5 – Numbers 28:16 – Deuteronomy 16:1

Also known as the Feast of Freedom, this feast is usually celebrated in early spring. You may notice it is celebrated close to Easter or Resurrection Sunday.

Passover is a very special holiday that celebrates the Exodus. It is a remembrance of God’s deliverance for the children of Israel when they were released from their bondage and delivered to the promised land.

Passover is celebrated with a big feast that has great meaning behind it. This feast specifically remembers the night when the Israelites were protected by the blood of the lamb as the angel passed over the homes in the land of Egypt.

This story paints a picture of Jesus Christ as the sacrificial lamb, the Passover lamb, whose life was sacrificed to take away the sins of the world.

The meal is called a Passover Seder. At this Seder dinner, special foods and bitter herbs are served that show significance to the story. It is very rich in tradition, and families normally celebrate it the same way each year. They follow precise steps and readings while eating the food at the table in a specific order.

When the meal is over it is celebrated with praises for the sacrificial lamb of God. There can also be singing and sometimes dancing!

Pentecost  (Shavuot)

Scripture References: Exodus 34:22, Leviticus 23:15-16, Acts 2:1, Acts 20:16, 1 Corinthians 16:8, The Book of Ruth

Also known as the Feast of Weeks, Shavuot is the Hebrew word for weeks and it comes 7 weeks after Passover. Pentecost is the Greek name for Shavuot and means the 50th day, which is 50 days after the Sabbath of Passover.

This feast celebrates the the first fruits of the wheat harvest with the offering of two loaves of leavened bread from the book of Leviticus. Pentecost signifies the coming of the Holy Spirit from the book of Acts.

It is also celebrated by reading the Ten Commandments out loud with your family. This is done in remembrance of when God showed his face to Moses and gave him the 10 Commandants on Mount Sinai.

Pentecost is normally celebrated seven weeks after Easter. It is celebrated by having a meal of all dairy foods, attending synagogue (if you are Jewish), and staying up late reading the book of Ruth as a family. It is a joyous time of giving thanks to God.

Foods most often served on Pentecost are dairy foods such as cheesecakes and cheese blintzes, though breads and meats are also often served.

Feast of Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah)

Scripture References:  Leviticus 23:24-25, Numbers 29:1

The Feast of Trumpets is also known as the Day of Remembrance. The word Rosh Hashana means the “head of the year,” so it is celebrated as the Jewish new year on the first day of the seventh month on the Jewish calendar.

It is normally celebrated sometime in September and October and is the first of the many fall feasts that are celebrated and a holy day to begin the “high holy days.”

Blowing the Shofar

The symbolism behind this feast is to follow the commandment God gave to blow the shofar. God told Moses that this day was to be a day of rest celebrated with trumpet blasts. A shofar is a trumpet that is made from a ram’s horn and is a musical instrument that is mentioned in the Bible.

The shofar is actually blasted about 100 times during a typical Rosh Hashanah feast! If you have never heard a shofar blown before, it is not a restful sound. It really does make you want to jump up and celebrate though.

It is a tradition to wear “new” clothes for the new year. Many Jewish people will wear all white to their feast.

Traditional foods that are served on Rosh Hashanah are to eat apples and carrots with honey. A brisket, turkey, or fish with the head still on are normal meats that are served on this special holiday.

Rosh Hashanah lasts for 10 days.

Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)

Scripture References: Leviticus 23:27-28, Numbers 29:7

Yom Kippur is considered the holiest day of the year, and symbolizes the cleansing of our sins. This day is celebrated on the 10th and final day of Rosh Hashanah. It is treated as a somber holiday, though others say it is a day of joy to remember what God has done for us.

When the Israelites were in the wilderness they had to worship God in the Tabernacle that was set up. Only the high priest could go into the holy of holies to offer special sacrifices to God.

For Christians, Yom Kippur symbolizes the only sacrifice that truly means anything, and that is the sacrifice that God sent His one and only Son to die for our sins.

It is also a tradition to wear all white as a symbol of purity.

On the Day of Atonement there is no food served or a feast as God commanded everyone to fast on this day as a day of remembrance. This special day leads right into the Feast of Tabernacles where it is celebrated with food.

Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot)

Scripture References: Exodus 34:22, Leviticus 23:34-36 & 39-43, Numbers 29:12

The Feast of Tabernacles is also known as the Feast of Booths. For seven days, all of Israel would move out of their homes and set up temporary shelters and special booths to dwell in.

These shelters were called “Sukkah” and where they get the word Sukkot from. When the Israelites stayed in these shelters and not in their own homes they are to be reminded of the 40 days that they were wandering in the desert.

God commanded his people to use this feast as a time of rejoicing. It was the time in Israel when their harvest season was over, and there would be an abundance of food that God provided them to rejoice over.

Today, many people celebrate Sukkot by creating their own booths. They will involve their friends and family to build a temporary shelter in their yard. These can be made with tree branches and covered with palm fronds and branches and leaving an opening to be able to look up at the night sky.

Many families will set up their feast and eat and celebrate in the booth that they created. This makes for some amazing family memories for your children.

Traditional foods that are served at the Feast of Tabernacles are foods that would be harvested at that time. Many people serve wheat, barley, grapes, squash, figs, pomegranates, olives, dates, root vegetables, apples and pears. Meat stuffed peppers and harvest soups would also be served.

Feast of Dedication or Feast of Lights (Hanukkah)

Scripture References: John 10:22-23, 

Hanukkah or the Festival of Lights is not found in the Old Testament, but it is celebrated in the New Testament in the Bible. In Luke, it talks about the Jews celebrating during the time of Jesus!

This festival celebrates the rededication of the Temple after 3 years of conflict and war when Antiochus IV was emperor.

Every night of Hanukkah a candle is lit in the Menorah. This signifies God’s miracle of cleansing the temple after the Maccabean revolt. The Jews wanted to light the Menorah in the temple, but there was not enough oil to keep it lit. There was only enough oil to burn for one day.

The tradition says that God provided enough oil to burn, and keep the Menorah lit for all eight days.

It is now a joyous eight-day celebration where the Menorah is lit in a window each night. Children play games with a dreidel and eat special holiday foods.

The most common foods eaten during this celebration are: Brisket, latkes, matzo ball soup and challah.

Feast Of Dedication In The Bible

Leviticus 23:4 – These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons.

Colossians 2:17 – Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.

This chart reveals the seven feasts of the LORD and their prophetic fulfillment in the calendar of God’s redemptive work through the Jewish Messiah. The feasts were never referred to as feasts of Israel but were actually “divinely appointed times” (Heb. Moaid) with the LORD, and they were not only historical in Israel’s history but they are prophetic and speak of the redemptive work through Jesus Christ. Although there were other holidays that were observed by the Israelites (for example: Purim and Hanukkah), only seven were prescribed by the LORD. According to Leviticus 23 they were: Passover, Unleavened Bread, First Fruits, Pentecost, Trumpets, Atonement, and Tabernacles. Notice that in Lev. 23:4 it says that the feasts would happen “in their seasons.” There were only two seasons in ancient Israel (warmer months and rainy months). The first four feasts took place at the beginning of the warmer months (April), and the last three feasts took place at the beginning of the rainy months (October). The prophetic message that is taught in the New Testament is that the first 4 feasts speak of the death (Feast of Passover), burial (Feast of Unleavened Bread), and resurrection (Feast of First Fruits) of Jesus Christ, and the birth of the Church 50 days later (Feast of Pentecost). Then there was a long interval which is the Church Age. After that the last 3 feasts took place which speak of the end of the church age and the regathering of Israel (Feast of Trumpets), and then the Time of Jacob’s Trouble, also referred to as the Great Tribulation (Feast of Atonement). The last feast speaks of the Kingdom of the Messiah (Feast of Tabernacles) which will never pass away.

Leviticus 23 reveals the seven feasts of the LORD and not only do they teach that God is in control of the times and seasons, but according to the New Testament they also present a prophetic picture of the calendar of events from the cross of Jesus to his millennial kingdom which will never pass away.

1 Corinthians 10:11 – Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.

Below is a list of the 7 Feasts in the Old Testament with Prophecy Calendar and Scriptures.

List of the Seven Feasts of the LORD and God’s Calendar
Feasts and FestivalsGod’s Prophetic CalendarNew Testament Scriptures
Feast of Passover
(Heb. Pesakh)

Ex 12:13 – “when I see the blood, I will pass over you”

God passed over the Hebrews when he saw the blood of the lamb. God also passes over our sins when he sees the the blood of Christ.
The Death of Jesus

Jesus was the sinless Lamb of God who came and gave his life so that we could have eternal life.
1 Cor 5:7 – “Christ our passover is sacrificed for us”

Jn 1:29 – “Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.”
Feast of Unleavened Bread
(Heb. Matsoth)

Ex 13:7 – Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with thee, neither shall there be leaven seen with thee in all thy quarters.

Just as the Hebrews ate bread with no leaven, and also removed all leaven from their dwellings, so is all sin removed from the believer in Jesus…past, present, and future.
The Burial of Jesus and our Sin

As the ceremony of Baptism implies, we were buried with Jesus and our sins were buried with him. When he rose, we also rose with him.
Romans 6:4 – Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.

1 Cor 5:8 – Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
Feast of First Fruits
(Heb. Yom Havikurim)

Leviticus 23:10, 11 – Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest: And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.

The children of Israel were commanded to bring the sheaf of the firstfruits of the barley harvest on the first day of the week (the day of resurrection) and wave it before the LORD. Not one ear but a sheaf, and this first sheaf represented the entire harvest.
The Resurrection of Jesus

In Old Testament times the promised land was a picture of the kingdom of the Messiah. Jesus was the first to rise from the dead, and after him all that are Christ’s. The resurrection of the believer in Jesus is God’s promise.
1 Corinthians 15:20-23 – But now is Christ risen from the dead, [and] become the firstfruits of them that slept. For since by man [came] death, by man [came] also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at his coming.

1 Corinthians 12:27 – Now you are the body of Christ, and members individually.
Feast of Weeks (Pentecost)
(Heb. Shavuot)

Leviticus 23:15-16 – And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete: Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number the fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.

The children of Israel were to count 50 days after the firstfruits sheaf of barley was waved. Then they were to offer a new wheat offering: 2 loaves of fine flour from the new harvest of wheat, baked with leaven and waved by the priest.
The Birth of the Church

50 days after Jesus rose from the dead, on the Day of Pentecost the Church was born. This marked the end of the “Jewish Era” and the beginning of the “Church Age” where both Jews and gentiles (2 loaves) could confess Jesus as LORD and be saved.
Acts 2:1-4 – And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.

1 Corinthians 12:12-13 – For as the body is one, and has many members, and all the members of the body, being many, are one body; so also is Christ. For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether bond or free; and were all given to drink into one Spirit.
Long Period of TimeThe Church Age
The first four feasts happened in Nissan (April and May) and then there was a long period of time before the last three feasts which took place in Tishri (September and October according to our calendar). The middle interim is known in God’s calendar as the “Church Age” when both Jews and Gentiles will confess Jesus as LORD. During this time the Jewish nation will have blinders on their eyes (Romans 11:10) until God removes the blinders through great tribulation. Once the Church Age ends the prophecy of the last three feasts begins.

Romans 11:25 – “I don’t desire you to be ignorant brothers of this mystery… that a partial hardening has happened to Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in”
According to Daniel 9 the Jewish Messiah would be “cut off” and die, and then there would be a long period of time before the 70th Week also known as the “tribulation” would begin. This would be the last “7 year period” and in that time God will pour out his wrath and purge Israel of their unbelief. After this Jesus will return and set up his kingdom which will never be destroyed (Dan. 7:13-14).Hebrews 3:15 – Today if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation.

Matthew 24:21 – For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be.

Matthew 13:37 – He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man, The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one; The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.
Feast of Trumpets
(Heb. Yom Tiruah)

Leviticus 23:24 – Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.

Trumpets were used to call the children of Israel to assemble together for a meeting with the LORD. The prophecy is about Israel being gathered into their land and after they are purged of their unbelief, after great tribulation Jesus their LORD will come again and they will receive Him, and mourn over his death.
The Announcement of Jesus’ Return

Joel 2:1 – Blow ye the trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in my holy mountain: let all the inhabitants of the land tremble: for the day of the LORD cometh, for [it is] nigh at hand;

The Feast of Trumpets speaks of a time when the trumpet of the LORD will sound and all who are in Christ will rise to heaven. Israel will be gathered into their land and there will be great tribulation as never before in the world. Then the LORD Jesus will return to receive his kingdom.
Matthew 24:31 – And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

1 Thessalonians 4:16 – For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:

1 Corinthians 15:52 – In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
Feast of Atonement
(Heb. Yom Kippur)

Leviticus 23:27 – Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

This feast was the only day that required fasting, and they were to afflict their souls, and when the high priest sprinkled the blood on the mercy seat the sins of Israel were covered for another year. This was Israel’s greatest day of the year, but its true significance was pointing to the atoning sacrifice of Jesus Christ who would die on the cross for all mankind.

Afflicting their Souls speaks about the day when there will be great mourning over piercing their Messiah:Zechariah 12:10 – and they will look to Me whom they have pierced; and they shall mourn for him, as one mourns for his only son, and will grieve bitterly for him, as one grieves for his firstborn.
The Purging of Israel’s Unbelief

Jeremiah 30:7 – Alas! for that day is great, so that none is like it. It is even the time of Jacob’s trouble.

The rulers of Israel did not recognize the LORD when he came, as was predicted by all the prophets, and in their rejection of their Messiah the “Day of Atonement” was pointing to a future day of purging, called by Jeremiah “the time of Jacob’s trouble” when they would learn by “great tribulation” to say “blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD.” This is also referred to as the 70th Week of Daniel. After they “afflict their souls” he will save them.

Matthew 24:30 – and then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky. Then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky with power and great glory.
Matthew 24:21 – For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be.

Matthew 23:39 – For I tell you, you will not see me from now on, until you say, ‘Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!

Hebrews 9:11-12 – But Christ having come as a high priest of the coming good things, through the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this creation, nor yet through the blood of goats and calves, but through his own blood, entered in once for all into the Holy Place, having obtained eternal redemption.
Feast of Tabernacles (Booths)
(Heb. Sukkoth)

Leviticus 23:34 – Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the LORD.

The Feast of Tabernacles was the last of the LORD’s feasts and it commemorates the ingathering of the harvest at the years end. It was a season of great joy and rejoicing over God’s abundance. The prophetic fulfillment of this feast is the Millennium, the one thousand year reign of Jesus Christ on the earth.

Deuteronomy 16:13-15 – Thou shalt observe the feast of tabernacles seven days, after that thou hast gathered in thy corn and thy wine: And thou shalt rejoice in thy feast, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite, the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that [are] within thy gates. Seven days shalt thou keep a solemn feast unto the LORD thy God in the place which the LORD shall choose: because the LORD thy God shall bless thee in all thine increase, and in all the works of thine hands, therefore thou shalt surely rejoice.
The Coming of Jesus and his Kingdom

The Feast of Tabernacles speaks of a time when Jesus will return and set up his kingdom on the earth. He will reign in Jerusalem for 1,000 years. Satan will be bound and the joy of the LORD will fill the whole earth.
Matthew 24:30 – And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.

Matthew 16:27 – For the Son of Man will come in the glory of his Father with his angels, and then he will render to everyone according to his deeds.

Matthew 24:44 – Therefore also be ready, for in an hour that you don’t expect, the Son of Man will come.

Matthew 24:27 – For as the lightning flashes from the east, and is seen even to the west, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.

Matthew 25:23 – “Enter into the joy of your lord.’

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