Biblical Studies New Testament

Biblical Studies New Testament: The New Testament is the second part of the Christian Bible. The first is called the Old Testament and contains the books of Moses, David, Isaiah and many others.

The New Testament tells us how Jesus Christ was born; how he lived; how he died; how he rose from the dead on the third day and ascended into heaven. It also tells us about his apostles who helped him to spread his message about God’s love for all people. They taught their followers about faith in Jesus Christ as their savior from sin and death.

The word “testament” comes from an old English word meaning “covenant.” So when we say “New Testament” we are talking about a new covenant between God and man made possible through Jesus Christ. This new covenant means that all people can now have eternal life in heaven with God if they accept Jesus Christ as their savior from sin and death (John 3:16).

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Biblical Studies New Testament


I remember the first time I saw a Bible. I was visiting my grandmother when she pulled out a bulky, old book from her cupboard. “Here’s the Holy Bible,” she said, handing it to me. As someone who didn’t grow up in a religious household, I was immediately intimidated and felt like I had no idea what to do with this strange book. If you’re like me and you’ve never really studied the Bible before, here’s a simple guide to everything you need to know about studying the New Testament—and getting started is far easier than you might think!

The Gospel of Matthew

The Gospel of Matthew is the first gospel, and it was written by one of Jesus’ disciples. It is also the only gospel to be written as a first-person account by an eyewitness to Jesus’ ministry. It uses this style to emphasize its authority over other gospels and writings (especially those that were being accepted at that time).

The word “church” occurs nowhere else in the New Testament until Matthew 16:18, where Peter tells Jesus that he will build his church on him. This is significant because it shows how early Christians understood what they were doing when they gathered together—they were building up the body of Christ through their worship and service. And since Jesus himself had said “I am building my church,” we know that our churches are based on his teachings!

Finally, another unique feature of Matthew’s gospel is how often he refers to God’s kingdom or rule over all creation (Matt 6:10; 10:7f.; 18:1f., etc.). From this passage alone we can see how important God’s reign is for us as believers because it teaches us how we should live each day under His loving protection [or rule].

The Gospel of Mark

The Gospel of Mark is the second gospel to be written, but it is the first one to be written in a narrative style. This means that instead of focusing on Jesus’ teachings, this gospel focuses on his actions and what he did during his ministry. The Gospel of Mark also contains elements from other gospels as well as some extra material not found anywhere else in Scripture.

The author states that he was an eyewitness who was present when Jesus walked the earth (Mark 1:1), so this gospel provides us with some compelling evidence about what really happened during Jesus’ life and ministry.

Additionally, there are similarities between this gospel and the Gospel of Matthew—two authors wrote their accounts within a few years from each other! They shared many common sources because they were both Jews living within close proximity to each other at this time period (the first century).

The Gospel of Luke

The Gospel of Luke is the third gospel and was written by Luke, a companion of Paul. He was also a doctor who wrote the gospel of Luke and the book of Acts. His Greek was very good and he wrote in a plain style that was easy to understand. His order was chronological, which made it easier for people to read because they could follow what happened first and last without getting confused about what happened when.

The Gospel of John

If you’re looking for a gospel that will give you a solid foundation in the life and ministry of Jesus Christ, the Gospel of John is the one for you. It has all the elements of an interesting story—a compelling plotline, vivid characters, and iconic settings—with enough theological depth to satisfy even the most devout Christian scholar.

The Gospel of John tells us about Jesus’ ministry on earth through his words and actions. It sheds light on who Jesus was as God’s Son; what he taught about himself (that he was God); how he lived out his life (by example); why he died on our behalf (to atone for our sins); and how we can live with him now in heaven by trusting him as Savior.

The Book of Acts

The Book of Acts is the second book of the New Testament. It is a history of the early church, from the ascension of Christ until the end of Paul’s third missionary journey.

In this part we will look at three themes that make up the story:

  • The apostolic mission
  • The persecution and suffering of Christians during this period
  • The various problems faced by churches in daily life

The Letter to the Romans

Romans is the longest of Paul’s letters, and it’s also the most systematic and theological. This means that Romans provides a lot of helpful background information that helps explain other New Testament books written by Paul (like Galatians). In fact, if you read through Romans first, you can use it as a guide to understanding other books by Paul.

The First Letter to the Corinthians

In the First Letter to the Corinthians, Paul writes about an issue that he had been hearing about from the Corinthians. They were divided over whether they should eat meat sacrificed to idols or not. This was an important issue because at that time in Greece it was believed that if you ate meat sacrificed to idols then you would gain some of their power.

Paul sent Timothy and Titus with a letter from him (1 Corinthians 7:5), so it appears that he did not visit Corinth himself for this purpose. In his letter, Paul speaks about his ministry and gives advice on how Christians should live their lives in order to glorify God and serve others better as well as themselves (1 Corinthians 6:19-20).

The First Letter to the Corinthians provides us with some historical background on early Christianity for which we do not otherwise have much information: For example we know from this letter that there were already churches established throughout much of Greece by this time (1 Corinthians 3:2)

The Second Letter to the Corinthians

In this letter, Paul decided to address some of the misunderstandings that had arisen between himself, some members of the church at Corinth, and other members of the church at Corinth. He reminds them that their salvation is grounded in God’s grace and not anything they have done (1:21–2:3). He also reminds them that he has already paid for their sins on the cross through his death (5:10).

Paul uses generous language when addressing them (1 Cor 1:4-7; 2 Cor 1:2). It is clear from reading this letter that Paul loved these people dearly. They were like family to him! He explains why he loved them so much by saying it was because they were like brothers and sisters in Christ who are partakers together with him in Christ’s love (2 Cor 8:1-15).


Galatians is the Pauline epistle to the Christian church in Galatia, written by Paul the Apostle. It addresses the controversy surrounding Gentile Christians and Jewish law, specifically focusing on whether circumcision was necessary for salvation.

The letter is addressed “to the churches in Galatia” (1:2). This wording has been taken to indicate that this was one of Paul’s earliest epistles, dating perhaps as early as 49-51 AD (though some argue a later date). The letter is one of three addressed during this early period; it was followed by 1 Corinthians and then 2 Corinthians.[1]

Galatians was probably written from Corinth between 54–57 AD.[2][3] The evidence for this view includes its language and style[4], as well as references within Galatians itself: There are no references to events after 57 AD.


In Ephesians, Paul writes to the church at Ephesus, giving them instruction on how they should live their lives. He explains that they are already saved by God’s grace and not by anything they have done. However, this doesn’t mean we can be lazy and do nothing! Instead of living a life focused on ourselves, we must live for others and put faith in Jesus Christ first. This letter is full of wisdom for both new believers and lifelong Christians; it’s a great introduction to what it means to follow Jesus Christ today!


  • To whom was this letter written?
  • When was it written?
  • How can we know that it is indeed Paul who wrote this letter?


Colossians is a letter from Paul to the church in Colossae. It is one of the earliest Christian writings, along with Philemon and Ephesians.

Paul writes this letter to encourage his readers that their salvation comes not from themselves but from God. He instructs them on how to live as Christians and gives them encouragement for living out their faith in front of others (1:27). He comforts them by telling them that Christ has redeemed them from all evil (1:13), so they should put their trust in him even when facing persecution for being Christians (4:12–14).

He also guides them on how they can have good relationships with each other based on Christ’s example as Lord over his body (1:18) and tells them not to conform themselves into worldliness but instead be transformed by God’s love so they can share it with others (2:20–22).

1 Thessalonians

Paul wrote the letter to the church in Thessalonica, Greece. It was likely written in 51 or 52 CE.

The book is a letter from Paul the Apostle to the church in Thessalonica, Greece.

2 Thessalonians

2 Thessalonians is a book of the New Testament of the Bible. It was written by Paul the Apostle to the church in Thessalonica, concerning the Second Coming of Jesus Christ (1:10; 2:19). In his letter, he instructs that they not be deceived by false Christs who claim to be Jesus Christ (2:3).

The epistles relationship with other epistles is uncertain; it has been placed at three different points in time relative to 1 Timothy and Titus. The phrase “some people” is used frequently throughout 2 Thessalonians (vv. 2, 3-4) and could refer either way—either as an indeterminate group or specifically as people associated with Timothy and Titus.

1 Timothy

1 Timothy is a letter written by Paul to Timothy, a Christian leader in Ephesus. It is one of the three Pastoral Epistles and is traditionally thought to be the first of Paul’s letters.

In the letter, Paul expresses his desire for Timothy to come visit him in Macedonia before winter arrives so that they can discuss how things are going in Ephesus, what problems have arisen among some members of the church there, and how best to resolve them (1:3-11).

2 Timothy

The letter of 2 Timothy has a number of important themes that fit nicely into the overall theme of sound doctrine and godly living. Paul begins by telling his friend and student Timothy not to fear, but to faithfully teach what he has been taught. This is an important message both for Timothy and for us: if we truly believe in sound doctrine, then we should be willing to teach it to others. The remainder of this chapter is devoted to encouraging Timothy in his ministry and reminding him that God will protect him from those who oppose him (1:6-7).

In chapters 2-4, Paul provides specific guidance for how Christians should live their lives as followers of Christ. He encourages them not only through words but also through examples such as those found in Jesus’ life (2:10-13) or even by telling stories about others who had lived exemplary lives (3:10-11). These passages serve as good examples of how Christians can apply biblical principles themselves while encouraging others around them at the same time!


You might be wondering why it’s important to study Titus if you’re not a Christian or don’t live in Crete. The answer is simple: this book contains valuable information about the early development of Christianity and its history. Titus was written by Paul the Apostle, who founded many churches around the Mediterranean Sea during his time as a missionary. In this letter, he instructs Titus on how to set up churches in their new locations and explains what it means to be a good leader within those communities.

It may seem boring at first glance (it’s just another letter!), but when you start reading it can really open your eyes to some surprising things—like how much Roman culture influenced early Christianity!

New Testament Bible study for beginners

New Testament Bible study for beginners

The New Testament is the second part of the Christian Bible, a sacred text that contains what Christians believe to be the teachings of Jesus Christ. The New Testament was written during a time when Christianity was spreading rapidly throughout the world. It consists of 27 books: 4 Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John), Acts of the Apostles, 13 epistles (letters) by Paul to various churches and individuals (Romans through Philemon), 7 General Epistles (1st John through Jude), Revelation or Apocalypse


Biblical studies in general, and New Testament Bible study specifically, are the most important materials you can read. There have been many scholarly works written about the New Testament–by people who have studied it their entire lives—and these are a very good place to start. It is also important to know that this list is not exhaustive: there are many other books which could be considered ‘must-reads’ as well!

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